Catherine Quay was born in Co. Down, Ireland about 1751. Her daughter Ann married C S Sims and they were recorded living in Union County, South Carolina in 1850.
Catherine Quay was the widow of Captain Alexander Quay of Newry, Co. Down, Ireland and Chester County, South Carolina whose will dated 1830 named one enslaved woman Mary. In Catherine's will dated 1843, she names a girl Mary Charlotte, a boy Hamilton, a girl Emma, a boy Theodore and a girl Sophia.
1850 US Federal Census www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:M8QL-J3Z
Will of Alexander Quay 1830 South Carolina, U.S., Wills and Probate Records, 1670-1980 on ancestry.com
Will of Catherine Quay 1843 South Carolina, U.S., Wills and Probate Records, 1670-1980 on ancestry.com on ancestry
Moses McKeown was born in Ireland about 1780 and died in Chester County, South Carolina in 1854. In the 1850 US Slave Schedule, Chester County, South Carolina, Moses is recorded as the enslaver of seventeen human beings. His Real Estate was valued at $5000 in the same year.
His wife Nancy Mobely was born in South Carolina and their children were
Mary Wagner McKeown Simpson 1804-1884
Samuel Mobely McKeown 1805-1890 (wife Caroline Atkinson)
Margaret McKeown Shannon 1807-1853
Elizabeth McKeown 1812-1823
In his Will, Moses McKeown bequeathed Tom, Bradly, Dianna, Adaline, Rose, Cisley and William to his son Samuel.
To his daughter, Mary McKeown Simpson, he bequeathed Dick, Andy, Sampson, Hanly or Haney, Farmer & Isiah.
Thomas Shannon, son of his daughter Margaret was to receive a boy named Dublin.
James Shannon, a boy named Ceyar?
Edward Shannon, a boy named Frank.
Hiram Shannon, Jude & Lucy.
Nancy Shannon, Minnie & Sevilla.
South Carolina Naturalizations 1783-1850 compiled by Brent H Holcomb (1985) available on ancestry.com
1850 Slave Schedule www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:HRWH-512M
1850 US Federal Census www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:M8Q6-1ZS
South Carolina Wills 1670-1980 (Chester County) available on ancestry.com
Samuel Irwin was reputedly born in Antrim, Ireland about 1780 and died in Abbeville, South Carolina about 1859. In 1850 he was living in Saluda Regiment, Abbeville with his wife Elizabeth, his granddaughter Ellen F Spellors and his sister Isabella Cowan.
His Will dated Sept. 1852 acknowledged only two children, Jane Irwin Purdy and James Irwin. Samuel Irwin also made provision for his wife Elizabeth, grandaughters Ellen/Eleanor Spellors, Elizabeth A, Margaret A and Sarah G Purdy, grandsons Samuel and Robert Irvin, James H Purdy, Samuel A Purdy, William A Purdy and Samuel's sister Isabella Cowan.
As he directed what was to become of the people he enslaved, Samuel Irwin named the following family groups:
Kiza & her children Tilda & Mary Elizabeth
Little Bet & her children , Charlotte, Emma, Laura, Jane, Anna, Henry, Margaret
Polly & her daughters Allsy, Louisa, Froney also known as Dos, & her son Israel
He also named Newman, his 'manservant'.
In spite of acknowledging the enslaved childrens' mothers, Samuel Irwin intended each enslaved child to be given to each of his grandchildren upon their coming of age. In this way, he compounded further the break up of the families he enslaved.
In the 1870 Census for Abbeville County, there are 14 Black Americans with the surname Irwin or variants. Although we cannot know what names the families chose after Emancipation it is interesting to note that there are two Betties enumerated, one of whom was born about 1838.
1830 US Federal Census
1840 US Federal Census
1850 US Federal Census
1850 Slave Schedule
Bettie Irving b.1838 in the 1870 US Federal Census
South Carolina, U.S., Wills and Probate Records, 1670-1980, ancestry.com (accessed 14 Feb. 2023)
South Carolina Naturalizations 1783-1850, compiled by Brent H Holcomb, Genealogical Publishing Company, Inc., Baltimore Maryland 1985
Abbeville Banner 24 Nov. 1859
Sir Teige Cantey was the son of Sir George Berkley Cantey & Elizabeth Gardner, Co. Cork, Ireland. He married Elizabeth Dauly in 1662 in Christ Church, Barbados. Their sons, George and William and daughters, Mary Smericke and Catherine Manely are named in his Will dated 20 Sept 1678.
Also named in his Will are an enslaved woman named Marea and her son Jackee.
In the 1870 US Federal Census, there are 446 people recorded with the surname Cantey in South Carolina, 77 of them were recorded as White, 1 as Native American and 368 as Black.
If anyone is researching the Cantey name, Joseph S Ames article, Cantey Family, published in 1910, is available on Open Access at jstor.
Sources (accessed 4 Jan 2023)
Will of Sir Teige Cantey 1678, Historical Commission, Columbia, Book 1672-92, p. 86.
Ames, Joseph S, Cantey Family, The South Carolina Historical and Genealogical Magazine
11:4 (Oct. 1910), pp. 203-58.
James Adger was born in Moneynick, Co. Antrim. As the president of the Hibernian Society in Charleston, South Carolina, he was active in providing funds for famine relief in Ireland. However, he was also a slave trader. Gloria Ramsey Lucas in her extensive work Slave records of Edgefield County, South Carolina (2010) uncovered lists of the sale of enslaved people.
On 5 Feb. 1850, Adger & Co. purchased the following enslaved people from John Bauskett, all of whom are named and some of whom are in family groups.
John Bauskett (1794-1867) 'had considerable land holdings in Edgefield County, including a 3,400 acre plantation on the Savannah River and Stevens Creek.'
Sources (research undertaken 2020. Links checked 25 Jun. 2022)
1850 US Federal Census, Charleston Neck, Charleston, South Carolina
1850 Slave Schedule, Charleston, South Carolina
Ramsey Lucas, Gloria, Slave records of Edgefield County, South Carolina 1774-1866 (2010) (available on ancestry.com).
Strum, Harvey, South Carolina and Irish Famine relief 1846-47, in The South Carolina Historical Magazine (2002) 103:2, pp 130-152.
John Bauskett (www.historicedgefield.com/other-famous-edgefieldians).
James Adger married Sarah Elizabeth Ellison in South Carolina in 1806.
Their children were:
Margaret Milligan Adger (1807-1884)
Susan Dunlap Adger (1808-1884)
John Bailey Adger (1810-1889)
James Adger 111 (1812-1882)
Robert Adger 11 (1814-1891)
William Adger (1816-1853)
Sarah Elizabeth Adger (1820-1835)
Jane Ann Adger (1822-1899)
Joseph Ellison Adger (1824-1898)
According to his U.S. application for citizenship in Newberry County, South Carolina, 16 April 1844, James Fleck was born in County Antrim, Ireland. His certificate of citizenship was issued on 19 Oct. 1847. In 1850 he owned Real Estate valued at $1,200 and was a painter. He lived in Newberry town with a woman named Jane Fleck another Mary Fleck, also born in Ireland and another, Margaret Fleck who was born in South Carolina. In the same year he enslaved two human beings a woman aged 25 and a man aged 18.
By 1860, Fleck/Fleek, lived in Greenville and had Real Estate to the value of $1,600 and Personal Estate of $4,000. His household comprised Martha and Mary, born in Ireland and Margaret born in South Carolina. He enslaved one woman aged 40.
With thanks to James Fitzgerald.
Sources (all records accessed 27 May 2022)
Abstracts of Newberry District Citizenship Petitions 1807 -1890
1850 US Slave Schedule, Newberry, Newberry County, South Carolina
1850 US Federal Census, Newberry, Newberry County, South Carolina
1860 US Federal Census, Greenville, Newberry County
1860 US Slave Schedule
John Berwick, his brother Simon and sister Elizabeth were all slaveholders.
Pennsylvania Evening Post, 30 May 1783.
South Carolina Gazette, 27 Sept 1770.
With thanks to John G M Sharp.
This newspaper account from the Yorkville Enquirer, 2 Aug 1860, gives further information about William McKenna of Donegal & Lancaster County, South Carolina. He is described as having been married three times. His first wife is named as Cloe Fuller, married about 1803. His second wife was Anna Cousart. Ellen Quigley was his third wife and was still living at the time of his death in 1859.
Further information about William McKenna and the people he enslaved here
Further research needs to be undertaken to ascertain if Anna Cousart, being the only child of James & Elizabeth Cowsar, had a dowry of enslaved people upon her marriage. My thanks to Catoe4 who posted this newspaper account here www.findagrave.com/memorial/162904266/william-mckenna
Adeline Cabean, born about 1844 in Fairfield County, South Carolina was the daughter of Charity, an enslaved woman and Richard Cabean (b. 1813), an Irish overseer. Adeline married John Clowney Brown, born 1855, in the 1870s, and in 1880 was recorded in the U.S. Federal Census as the mother of four children: Jane L Brown born 1872, Willie born 1876, Robert born 1877 and John born 1879.
In 1900, Adeline & John Brown were still living in Blackstock Town which straddles Fairfield County and Chester County. Their children were recorded as Louisa C born 1873, Lee born 1880, a son Merriam born 1881, George born 1885, Annie born 1888, Sallie B born 1893, Wylie born 1895 and a daughter Willie F born 1896. Adeline is recorded as the mother of 14 children of whom only eight are living.
Next door to them in 1900, William Brown (1867), his wife Manda, daughters Hattie & Fannie M and sons Anner, Johnnie & Lawrence were living. Other near neighbours included the Young, Lewis, Strong, Reed, Mobley and Dunbar (who were Irish-born) families.
By 1910, John and Adeline had only one child living at home, their son Wylie and a woman named Louisa Coleman identified as John's stepdaughter. Louisa Coleman appears to be the same woman as Louisa C born 1873 recorded as their daughter in 1900. The families of Henry L Brown and Eyerabim Brown, living nearby would need to be researched to see if they are the children of John and Adeline.
In 1920, John and Adeline's daughter Willie had returned to live at home with their son?? Hayman recorded as born in 1907. In this Census, Adeline's father's place of birth is finally recorded as Ireland. Adeline ia also recorded as eleven years older than her husband which ties in with his statement to Dixon of the Federal Writers Project.
In 1930, John and Adeline were living together in the same place but Adeline's name is recorded as Emmaline.
The Census of 1940 recorded John C Brown as a widower living with his daughter Annie and his son-in-law Charley Coleman (b. 1885) who was also the informant at John's death in 1946. The families of Charlie, Jim and Blake Curbeam are their nearest neighbours. This is another research avenue as when Wylie Brown died in 1938, his mother Adeline was recorded not as Adeline Cabean but Adline Curbeans.
Adeline Cabean and her mother Charity were formerly enslaved by the family of Robert Cheyne Clowney (1838-1885) who was born in Co. Down, Ireland and died in Fairfield County. Robert was the son of John Clowney (1791-1848).
Federal Writers Project John C Brown www.loc.gov/resource/mesn.141/?sp=130
1850 U.S. Federal Census Richard Cabean www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:M8QN-CBV
1870 U.S. Federal Census Robert Clowney www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:M8RJ-DHG
1880 U.S. Federal Census www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:M6S8-6RQ
1900 U.S. Federal Census www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:M3RR-XMP
1910 U.S. Federal Census www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:XMB9-NT8
1920 U.S. Federal Census www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:M6Z6-6DR
1930 U.S. Federal Census www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:SPC4-N7T
1940 U.S. Federal Census www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:K4DS-TVN
Death Certificate 1946 John Clowney Brown www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:FPMX-3JP
Death Certificate 1938 Wylie Brown www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:N9JH-2G8
O'Neal was probably born in Ireland about 1790. In 1850 he owned Real Estate to the value of $400. He enslaved four men, aged 18-37 and one young woman aged 17. His wife Catherine was also born in Ireland about 1801. His children Mary (1835), Sarah (1839), Samuel (1842), Hannah (1845) and John Wilson (1847) were all born in South Carolina.
In 1860, O'Neal's Real Estate was worth $1,500 and his Personal Estate, $6,900. He enslaved 12 people.
O'Neal's place of birth was variously recorded as Ireland (1850) and South Carolina (1860). More research will hopefully clarify.
1850 U.S. Federal Census, Darlington, South Carolina
1850 Slave Schedule, Darlington, South Carolina
1860 U.S. Federal Census, Darlington, South Carolina
https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:MZTF-XHL?from=lynx1UIV8&treeref=LVF1-R4L1860 Slave Schedule, Darlington, South Carolina
Martine Brennan (Curator)
Enslavement to citizenship: African Americans in Irish Slaveholder records by Martine Brennan is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.