James Bailey was born in Ireland about 1822. In 1850 he was living in Edgefield, South Carolina with Ann (his wife?) and M H. (his daughter?). His occupation is given as house carpenter and the value of his real estate as $600. His nearest neighours were Benjamin Stevens, a farmer and John A Partlow, a planter.
1850 US Federal Census, James Bailey, Edgefield, South Carolina
In 1850, James Bailey enslaved a woman born about 1827 and a baby boy born in 1849. His neighbours Benjamin Stevens enslaved 28 human beings and John A Partlow enslaved 45 people. Three other slaveholders in Edgefield carried the name Bailey; Elizabeth and William who each enslaved one person and Richard who enslaved six people. William, born 1811, a cabinet-maker and Richard born 1823, a carpenter were both born in Ireland.
1850 US Slave Schedule, James Bailey, Edgefield, South Carolina www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:HRWC-NKW2
1850 US Slave Schedule, Elizabeth Bailey, Edgefield, South Carolina www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:HRWC-H26Z
1850 US Slave Schedule, William Bailey, Edgefield, South Carolina www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:HRWC-QMN2
1850 US Federal Census, William Bailey, Edgefield, South Carolina www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:M8QF-JDP
1850 US Slave Schedule, Richard Bailey, Edgefield, South Carolina www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:HRWC-VDN2
1850 US Federal Census, Richard Bailey, Edgefield, South Carolina www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:M8QF-7T9
It is hoped that this information will assist those researching the Bailey family name in Edgefield, South Carolina. I have decided to upload information about each Irish slaveholder even though it may not include the names of enslaved people at this time. If you have found a will or estate inventory or any other document which names enslaved people, please do not hesitate to post below in the comments. It will be gratefully and respectfully received and will assist others in the search for their ancestors.
Regarding the Irish Bailey slaveholders listed above, I am wondering if they are all from one family since they are realtively close in age, settled in the same area and were all carpenters.
The following advertisement is enclosed because it names an African American family group in 1856, Polly, Betty, Milley, Hudson, Avery, Sylva, Bully and Mary, as enslaved by a Bailey family. However, based on the information I have at the moment, I do not think the slaveholders are of the Irish-born family outlined above.
Richard Bailey, carpenter was enumerated in Marion Eastern Division, Perry, Alabama in 1860, with his wife Sarah and sons John and James. Richard, as far as I can tell, was no-longer a slaveholder. This raises the question, what became of the six people he enslaved in 1850? A number of claims against Richard Bailey were reported in the Edgefield Advertiser in 1853. According to the newspaper, Richard Bailey and family were no-longer resident in Edgefield at that time. Did Richard incur financial losses?
The 1860 Census throws up another puzzle. There was a man named John Thompkins with Real Estate valued at $4500 resident in the Bailey household and two children Mary & Edmund (transcribed Emal) Thompkins.
1860 US Federal Census, Richard Bailey, Marion Eastern Division, Perry, Alabama
Edgefield Advertiser 16 Feb. 1863
Martine Brennan (Curator) While every effort has been made to ensure the accuracy of this work, mistakes may occurr. If you offer a correction, please provde documentation or a link to an historical document. Many thanks. MB
Enslavement to citizenship: African Americans in Irish Slaveholder records by Martine Brennan is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.