I first came across John Gough in Arthur Mitchell's book South Carolina Irish. He described John Gough as one of three Irishmen who came to South Carolina via Barbados and puchased the Cypress Barony of thirteen hundred acres from Peter Colleton in 1707.
John Gough made his will 29 Nov 1738. In it he named his children and certain enslaved people he wished them to inherit:
Richard Gough to receive 'three Negro men' Little Quash, Hercules and Bruker
John Gough to receive plantation & house
Edward Gough to receive 'one Negro girl' Jubah, daughter of Sylvia
Neal Gough to receive 'two Negro women' Phillis & Jubah, daughters of Hannah & Billey, son of (aforesad) Juba
Francis Gough to receive 'one Negro girl' Betty, daughter of old Bess
Mary Gough 'all my plate to be equally divided between my two daughters'
John Gough appointed his son Richard Gough & Francis Lejou as executors of his will.
Enslaved people named in the inventory of John Gough's estate 7 May 1739
34 men & women, 20 children
Tom valued at £300
Jupiter valued at £250
Hector Cooper £250
Grace & 2 children £360
Joan & 2 children £360
Betty & 2 children £380
Juba & 2 children £360
Becky & 2 children £400
Libby & 4 children £550
Jinny & a young child £150
Silvia & 2 children £500
Nancy & 3 children £540
Juba an old wench £30
(all accessed 23 Oct 2023)
Arthur Mitchell, South Carolina Irish (The History Press, Charleston, 2011) p. 18.
Will of John Gough 1738, South Carolina, U.S., Wills and Probate Records, 1670-1980 (available on ancestry.com)
Inventory of estate of John Gough (7 May 1739), Charleston District, South Carolina Estate Inventories, 1732-1844 (available on familysearch.org)
J D Lewis, Childsbury Town, South Carolina (2016)
Further information re. the descendants of John Gough to follow.
What is the relationship (if any)between John Gough, Cabinetmaker and the Irish Gough enslavers?
Did John Gough bring enslaved people from Bermuda when he settled in the Carolina Colony?
Martine Brennan (Curator) While every effort has been made to ensure the accuracy of this work, mistakes may occurr. If you offer a correction, please provde documentation or a link to an historical document. Many thanks. MB
Enslavement to citizenship: African Americans in Irish Slaveholder records by Martine Brennan is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.