The labour contracts between formerly enslaved people and former slaveholders can give us vital information for the period 1865-1870. This is just one example. This contract was undertaken by Summer Young, Monday McConn, Cuffeee, Mike, Ned and their families with Hope Brannen (1844-1894) of Screven County, Georgia. It makes for harrowing reading as it describes a life which is simply slavery by another name. The document clearly identifies Hope Brannen, an Irish descendant slaveholder, as the former enslaver of Summer Young, Monday McConn and Cuffee. Mike had been enslaved by M L Boykin. Ned had been enslaved by M Aldridge of South Carolina.
Hope Brannen Sr. died in 1862. His headstone proudly states that he served in the Confederate States Army. In 1860, Hope Brannen Sr. enslaved twenty eight human beings ranging in age from a man aged 39 years to a new-born baby. His son also named Hope, took on the running of the plantation after his father's death.
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Labor Contract 1866
US Federal Census 1850 Slave Schedules ( Hope Brannen Senior, Screven County)
In 1870 Monday McConn, his wife Celia and their children were still living in Screven County, Georgia. Summer Young, his wife Lucy and their children were also living in Screven County. It is important to note that both Celia and Lucy were rcorded as born in South Carolina as was Sophia E Humphries, the wife of Hope Brannen Sr. So there is a possibility that Celia and Lucy came to Georgia as part of the dowry of Sophia E Humphries in 1829. Sophia's mother was Sarah Cone which again raises the question of an older family connection as Monday chose the name McConn after Emancipation.
1870 US Federal Census Monday McConn
1870 US Federal Census Summer Young
In 1880, Monday McConn was living with his wife Lucy and children Henry, Strike, Wallace, Wick and Mary. Next door, Joice McConn and his wife Gracie lived.
The 1900 Census, once again, finds Monday McConn living in Screven County, Georgia with his wife Lucy, and children John, widowed son Toby, married daughter Florence Scott, granddaughter Manuel Scott, grandson William Scott, daughter-in-law Anna Jasper, and nephew James Thomas. Lucy McConn is recorded as the mother of eight children of whom six were still living in 1900.
1880 US Federal Census www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:M8GT-B9N
1900 US Federal Census www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:S3HY-67MQ-K2Y
Summer Young was living in District 259, (the same District that Monday McConn was living in at that time) Screven County Georgia in 1880 with his wife Lucy. Also present in his household was Willis, Samuel, Jacob, Cuffie, Tarsh, Ella, Gideon, Ninevah and an unnamed infant.
In 1900, Summer Young was living in Effingham, Georgia with his wife whose name is illegible, son Summer J Young and daughter Elizabeth.
Summer's sons, Mack Young and Samuel Young died in Georgia in 1940.
1880 US Federal Census www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:M8GT-1K9
1900 US Federal Census www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:M3NJ-6R5
1940 Death Certificate, Mack Young www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:QJX9-XT5X
1940 Death Certificate, Samuel Young www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:QJX9-FBZC
As always if you can contribute some new information or clear up any of the unresolved questions we would be delighted to hear from you. Descendants of these families are in contact with the project. If you too are a descendant please leave a contact email below so that we can pass it on. Twenty eight people were enslaved by Hope Brannen Senior in 1850 but these are the only names we have uncovered as yet.
19 Jan 2022.
Many thanks to Angiela Tillman, a descendant of Summer (Sumner) & Lucy Young, who has recovered the following names recorded in The Daily Constitutionalist and Republic newspaper 19 Dec 1846. She has also discovered that in 1831, Hope Brannen Senior was a Justice of the Court in Screven County, Georgia, Research is ongoing into what became of these families but it is proving difficult to find the court documents concerning the Sheriff's Sale if indeed they have survived. Further information will be added as it is uncovered.
Names of those enslaved by Hope Brannen 1846
Hannah and her two children
Kit, enslaved by David Freeman
Caroline and Joe, enslaved by Lewis Conner
The litigants named are
John S Maner
A A Smetts
Edward J Black
A S Jones
A B Lovett, Adm'r
W L Lovett
Ann D Bryen, guardian
George W Best